On 8 October 2021, 136 members of the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion Profit Shifting (BEPS) have joined the Statement on the Two-Pillar Solution to Address the Tax Challenges Arising from the Digitalisation of the Economy. The Two-Pillar Solution is comprised of Pillar One and Pillar Two. Pillar One aims to ensure a fairer distribution of profits and taxing rights among countries with respect to the largest multinational enterprises (MNEs). Meanwhile, Pillar Two puts a floor on tax competition on corporate income tax through the introduction of a global minimum corporate tax rate that countries can use to protect their tax bases. The Global Anti-Base Erosion (GloBE) Rules are the main Pillar Two Rules which set out the scope and mechanism of the new global minimum effective tax rate (ETR) of 15%.  A top-up tax will be charged when the group’s ETR in a jurisdiction falls below the 15% level.