Introduction - What is Withholding Tax
'Payer' refers to an individual/body other than individual carrying on a business in Malaysia. He is required to withhold tax on payments for services rendered/technical advice/rental or other payments made under any agreement for the use of any moveable property and paid to a
'Payee' refers to a non-resident individual/body other than individual in Malaysia who receives the above payments.
Withholding Tax Deduction (detail)
The Income Tax Act, 1967 provides that where a person (referred herein as "payer") is liable to make payment as listed below (other than income of non-resident public entertainers) to a non-resident person ( NR payee), he shall deduct withholding tax at the prescribed rate from such payment and (whether such tax has been deducted or not) pay that tax to the Director General of Inland Revenue within one month after such payment has been paid or credited to the NR payee.
Income Tax Act 1967
Section 107A (1) (a) & 107A (1) (b)
Special classes of income: Technical fees, payment for services, rent/payment for use of moveable property
Interest (except exampt interest) paid by approved financial institutions
Income of non-resident public entertainers
Payment memo issued by Assessment Branch
Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)
(i) Other than a resident company
(ii) Non Resident company.
(iii) Foreign investment institution
effective from 01/01/2007
Family Fund/Takaful Family Fund/Dana Am
(i) Individual and other
(ii) Non Resident Company
Income under Section 4(f) ITA 1967
All withholding tax payments (other than for non-resident public entertainers) must be made with the relevant payment forms, duly completed, together with copy of invoices issued by the NR payee and copy of payment documents as proof of date of payment /crediting to the NR payee.
Type Of Income Subject To Withholding Tax And Withholding Tax Rate On Non-Resident Persons:
Withholding Tax On Non-Resident Persons :
Please ensure that the forms are completed accurately furnishing the Malaysian tax reference number for the payer, payee as well as the payee's country of origin.
If the payer does not have the reference number of the payee, the payer may request for such number from :
Non Resident Branch
Customer Services Unit
3rd Floor Left, Block 8
Government Office Complex
Jalan Duta, 50600 Kuala Lumpur,
stating the full name, address of the payee and the nature of payment.
For urgent payment (where the income tax reference number of the payee is not known), the payer may send the Forms CP 37A/ CP 37/ CP 37D together with the payment, copy of invoice and remittance slip (telegraphic transfer) directly to:
Non Resident Branch
Withholding Tax Unit
7th Floor, Block 8
Government Office Complex
Enforcement for Compliance
(Other than for withholding tax on non-resident public entertainers and resident individuals)
The following constitutes non-compliance:
The payer fails to pay withholding tax at the prescribed rate (whether deducted or not).
The payer pays withholding tax late (not within the period of one month after Date of payment / crediting to the NR payee).
The payer fails to pay increase in tax imposed on him for late payment of withholding tax or for failure to pay withholding tax.
Where the payer fails to pay or pays withholding withholding tax late (not within the period of one month after the date of payment / crediting to the NR payee), he is imposed an increase in tax of a sum equal to ten percent of the amount which he fails to pay is imposed.
Royalty paid to NR payee on 03/08/2006 = RM200,000
Withholding tax received by IRBM on 10/09/2006 later than 02/09/2006) = RM20,000
Increase in tax imposed on payer (20,000 @ 10 %) = RM2,000
Effective from 02/09/2006.
Where the payer fails to pay withholding tax and / or increase in tax imposed on him:
No deduction is given for the payment made to a NR payee against business income in the income tax computation of the payer, and Civil suit action on the payer to recover withholding tax and / or increase in tax not paid which remains a debt due to the Government.
Contract Payments to Non-Resident Contractors (Payee)
Contract payments made to non-resident contractors in respect of services under a contract are subject to withholding tax of:
10 % on the service portion of the contract payments on account of tax payable by the NR payee;
3 % on the service portion of the contract payments on account of tax payable by employees of the NR payee;
"Services under a contract" means any work or professional services performed or rendered in Malaysia in connection with or in relation to any undertaking, project or scheme carried on in Malaysia; and
The payer must, within one month after the date of payment / crediting the contract payment, remit the withholding tax (whether deducted or not) to the Inland Revenue Board, Malaysia. See "Withholding Tax Deduction".
Interest Paid to Non-Resident Persons (Payee)
Interest paid to a NR payee is subject to withholding tax at 15% (or any other rate as prescribed under the Double Taxation Agreement between Malaysia and the country where the NR payee is tax resident). This is a final tax.
Interest is deemed derived from Malaysia if:
Responsibility for payment lies with the Government or a State Government;
Responsibility for payment lies with a resident of Malaysia;
Interest is charged as an outgoing or expense against any income accruing in or derived from Malaysia.
Interest not subject to withholding tax:
Interest paid to a NR payee on an approved loan
Interest paid to a NR payee by a licensed bank or licensed finance company in Malaysia other than:
Such interest accruing to a place of business in Malaysia of the NR payee
Interest on funds required for maintaining net working funds prescribed by Bank Negara.
The payer must, within one month after the date of payment / crediting the interest, remit the withholding tax (whether deducted or not) to the Inland Revenue Board, Malaysia.
Royalty Paid to Non-Resident Persons (Payee)
Royalty is defined as:
Any sums paid as consideration for the use of or the right to use:
Copyrights, artistic or scientific works, patents, designs or models, plans, secret processes or formulae, trademarks or tapes for radio or television broadcasting, motion picture films, films or video tapes or other means of reproduction where such films or tapes have been or are to be used or reproduced in Malaysia or other like property or rights.
Know-how or information concerning technical, industrial, commercial or scientific knowledge, experience or skill.
Income derived from the alienation of any property, know-how or information mentioned in above paragraph of this definition.
The gross amount of royalty paid to a NR payee is subject to withholding tax at 10% (or any other rate as prescribed under the Double Taxation Agreement between Malaysia and the country where the NR payee is tax resident). This is a final tax.
Royalty deemed derived from Malaysia if:
The royalty is charged as an outgoing or expense against any income accruing in or derived from Malaysia.
The payer must, within one month after the date of payment / crediting the royalty, remit the withholding tax (whether deducted or not) to the Inland Revenue Board, Malaysia. See "Withholding Tax Deduction"
Special Classes of Income Paid to Non-Resident Persons
Special classes of income include:
Provided that in respect of paragraph (a) and (b), this section shall apply to the amount attributable to services which are performed in Malaysia.
Payment is deemed derived from Malaysia if:
The gross amount of "Special Classes of Income" paid for the above services rendered by a NR payee is subject to withholding tax at 10% (or any other rate as prescribed in the Double Taxation Agreement between Malaysia and the country in which the NR payee is tax resident). This is a final tax.
The payer must, within one month after the date of payment / crediting of the payment to the NR payee, remit the withholding tax (whether deducted or not) to the Inland Revenue Board Malaysia . See "Withholding Tax Deduction"
Non-Resident Public Entertainers
"Public Entertainer" means a stage, radio or television artiste, a musician, athlete or an individual exercising any profession, vocation or employment of a similar nature.
Remuneration or other income in respect of services performed or rendered in Malaysia by a Non-resident public entertainer is subject to withholding tax at 15 % on the gross payment.
The present practice continues whereby the sponsor of the non-resident public entertainer is required to pay withholding tax at 15 % before an entry permit for the non-resident public entertainer can be obtained from the Immigration Department
Double Taxation Agreements and Protocols
Malaysia has concluded about 69 effective Double Taxation Agreements (DTA). For information on the varying rates of withholding tax on interest, royalty and technical fees, see "DTA Agreement Rates".
For refund of withholding tax overpaid by the payer due to the DTA reduced rates, the payee must forward the application for refund to the Director, Non Resident Branch together with the following details: